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Evaluating Resources: Find Scholarly Web sites

Information and worksheets to assist in evaluating search results and sources

Internet Search Engines

Search Engines ...
•Are most useful when a specific site is wanted (e.g. Lord of the Rings, Lakers, CNN).

•There is only a 40% overlap among the various search engines available, therefore, it may be needful to use more than one.

•Search Engines vary in purpose and scope of content.  Selecting the best search engine for your information need will give you more useful results.

•There is NO quality control.

•They use robots, web crawlers, spiders, etc. to match characters in specific fields.

•Hit lists are ranked based on paid inclusion programs although some, like Google, have a separate sponsor list.


Try these other Search Engines that work differently than Google.:







Last updated August, 2019.

Scholarly Internet Search Engines

Some search engines are especially designed for academic research.  These will help you find relevant, reputable, scholarly sources of information.



Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC)

Google Books

Google Scholar

Internet Archive




Microsoft Academic Search

Open Editions (international)

Open Library

PubMed Central



Semantic Scholar

Virtual Learning Resources Center (VLRC)



Last updated September, 2019.

Evaluating Websites

  1. Who owns the domain?  Look it up in WHOIS
  2. What type of domain is it? com/net; org; edu; gov/mil/us; non-US
  3. Is it a personal page/site?  ~ .me or personal name in the URL
  4. Is an author/creator of the page identified? Search Google to verify authority to speak on the topic
  5. Is "About" information provided?
  6. Are sources documented with links or notes?  Do the links work?
  7. Are there links to more resources?  Do the links work?
  8. Is there evidence of strong bias?
  9. Why was the page put on the Web?  Inform, Persuade, Sell, Satire or Parody, Other
  10. Are advertisements embedded in the Web site?
  11. Is the Web page appropriate for your purpose?